The government of India initiated numerous schemes every year for the growth and development of the nation. These government schemes are usually known as yojana. These yojana can be a part of a mission or can be a sole program. Government schemes in India hold a vital share in the working of a nation.
Since NDA came in power, India has witnessed a flood of government schemes for solving difficult and different problems of the citizens and also uplifting the developing country as a whole. Although there are various views about how much these types of schemes are effective on the ground level, they hold significance.
So, we ensure that you know about the scheme name, beginning date, objective, and a brief about the scheme or programmes of the government of India through this article. So, now let’s take a look at important Government Schemes.
Government Schemes for Rural India
1. DEEN DAYAL UPADHYAYA GRAMEEN KAUSHALYA YOGANA:
On the 98th birth commemoration of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya, this scheme became official in 2014. The motto of this scheme is to “Transform rural poor girlhood and boyhood into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce”. It targets youth (15–35 years) as a scrap of the National Rural Livelihood Mission. It aims to provide diversity to the rural poor family’s earnings and aid rural youth with careers. An amount of Rs 1,500 crores is given for this scheme to improve the employability of rural youth.
2. PRADHAN MANTRI GRAMIN AWAS YOJANA:
It is a social welfare programme by the Indian Government for giving housing facilities to rural poor in India. This scheme is likewise to Housing for All by 2022 scheme 2015. It started as a Indira Awaas Yojana set in motion in 1985. It comes Below the Ministry of Rural Development and constructs houses for the BPL population in the rural areas. This impates cash assistance and subsidies to the villagers for building their homes.
3. GRAMEEN BHANDARAN YOJANA:
It is a capital investment subsidy scheme started in 2001. The subsidy is for constructing and renovating the warehouses for keeping farm produce in rural areas. The idea is to grow farmer’s holding capacity. This can avoid distress sales and aid them to establish. It gives scientific storage amplitude with facilities to help farmers.
4. DEEN DAYAL UPADHYAYA GRAM JYOTI YOJANA:
It is a Government Schemes to give a continuous power supply to rural India. This scheme replaced Rajiv Gandhi Vidyutikaran Yojana. It focuses on strengthening architecture like metering at all levels in rural areas. This will aid in giving power to agricultural consumers. It comes below the ministry of power.
5. MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT:
It is an indian labour law to guarantee the “RIGHT TO WORK”. It came into being in 2006. The idea is to amplify livelihood welfare in rural areas by giving 100 days of wage employment to each and every household there. The employment has to be at least 100 days per financial year for every volunteering household. The gram panchayats handle MGNREGA in their villages. It comes below the Ministry of Rural Development.
6. REMUNERATIVE APPROACH FOR AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED SECTOR REJUVENATION:
It was a national agriculture development scheme and a state ploy scheme of additional central aid. It started in 2007 as a rashtriya krishi vikas yojana. This was a part of the 11th 5 year plan by the government of India. It was below the national development council and aims to achieve a 4% annual growth in agriculture. It ended in 2011 after finalising the 11th year plan.
7. SAMPOORNA GRAMEEN YOJANA:
It was a Government Schemes of India to give employment to the rural poor people in India. The Panchayati Raj institution sustains this scheme. The Employment Assurance Scheme and Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana merged and led to the initiation of SGRY in 2003. The programme aims to give employment and food in rural areas to BPL families in India. It comes under the Ministry of Rural Development.
8. PRADHAN MANTRI GRAM SADAK YOJANA:
It is a nationwide plan in India to provide good road connectivity to scheduled areas. Places with a population of 500 and above are to be connected by all-weather roads. By 2017, 82% of these places were already linked. This Centrally financed Scheme became official in 2000 by Late Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
9. PRADHAN MANTRI ADARSH GRAM YOJANA:
It is a rural development programme by the central government that started in 2009. It is mainly for the development of hamlets with a higher SC/ST ratio, over 50%. The plan is to merge several central government schemes to grow these villages. The schemes are – Bharat Nirman, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, MGNREGA, Integrated Child Development Services, and many more. This program is appropriated to 44,000 villages SC/ST population above 50%. It comes below the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
10. NATIONAL RURAL LIVELIHOOD MISSION:
It is a poverty Alleviation plan by the government of India that started in 2011. This scheme aims to encourage the self-employment of the rural poor. The idea is to organise the poor into a Self Help Group for self-employment. It comes under the Ministry of Rural Development. The world bank finances this scheme as it is 1 of the largest schemes working for rural poor citizens of India.
11. SWAMITVA YOJANA:
Swamitva yojana is a government scheme to encourage land ownership in rural areas with the use of latest and better technology. The panchayati Raj ministry of the central government is responsible for this scheme management. Panchayati Raj Day 2020 saw the beginning of this scheme. The main reason is many villagers don’t have a paper to prove their own land. This yojana is to provide them ownership rights. – Government Schemes
12. SANSAD ADARSH GRAM YOJANA:
It is the rural development programme that focuses on social, cultural, and economic development. It aims to motivate people on social mobilization of the village community. This yojana is demand-driven, inclined by society, and based on individual participation. It comes under the Ministry of Rural Development and started in 2014.
GOVERNMENT SCHEMES FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN
1. PRADHAN MANTRI MATRITVA VANDANA YOJANA:
It is a maternity benefit programme by the government of India introduced in 2017. The 1st time pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above can apply for this conditional cash transfer scheme. It aims to give conditions for safe and easy delivery and good nutrition for women. National Food Security Act, 2013 tied up with this scheme to provide cash maternity benefits of 6000.
2. JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA:
It is a secure motherhood scheme under the National Health Mission. It aims to lessen maternal and neonatal mortality by supporting institutional delivery for poor pregnant women in India. The prime focus is on the Low Performing States. It offers money aid with delivery and post-delivery care. It started in 2005 with the plan of a safe pregnancy.
3. PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA:
It is an Indian Government scheme to distribute LPG connections to females of Below Poverty Line families. 22 million LPG connections were issued against the target of 15 million. The no.crossed 58 million in 2018. The yojana led to an increase in LPG consumption by 56% in 2019. It takes place below the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. The Prime Minister of India made this scheme official in 2016 with a target of 15 million.
4. NATIONAL LITERACY MISSION PROGRAMME:
It is an Indian Government Schemes to develop a literate society. This scheme has 4 elements – Sakshar Bharat, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha, and teacher training programs. It mainly focuses on women and children’s literacy as they are a large part of the Indian Population. It started in 1988 and comes below the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
5. INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES:
It is a Government Schemes to provide basic provision for children under 6 years of age and their mothers. The facilities include – food, preschool education, primary healthcare, immunization, and health check-up. It started in 1975 and stopped in the 90s. It recommenced again as part of the Tenth five-year plan. This scheme also deliberated to reduce gender inequality by giving girls the same resources.
6. NATIONAL CHILD LABOUR PROJECT:
It is an Indian Government Schemes to re-adapt working children in labor endemic districts in India. There were 12 such Districts, when the programme became official in 1988.
7. SUKANYA SAMRIDDHI YOJANA:
It is a government of India saving programme for the parents of female children. This promotes parents to save funds for their girl child’s future education and marriage expenses. It became official in 2015 as part of the beti bachao, beti padhao campaign. The scheme provides an interest rate of 7.6% and tax benefits. Any post office or authorized commercial banks can facilitate this scheme account. It takes place under the ministry of Women and Child Development.
8. MIDDAY MEAL SCHEME:
It is a school meal scheme by the government of India. It aims to give better nutritional standing for school-age children nationwide. The programme provides free lunch meals to children in primary and upper primary standard in government schools on working days. This scheme feeds lakhs of children every day. It started in 1995 and comes below the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
It is the Rajiv Gandhi programme for Empowerment of Female children started in 2011. The plan is to encourage self-development and empowerment of adolescent girls. They also want to refine their nutrition and health and make awareness of their changing body. It is relevant to girls between the age of 11 to 18 years.
The Government Schemes are a part of the General knowledge sections of many competitive exams. They will have questions linked to this topic, it can be about the ministry or the objective. They are an important part of Indian Polity. It is foremost to know the basic information about it.
Exams like UPSC, SSC, Banking, and more have general knowledge sections. This article covers facts and basic information of important government schemes in India. It should help make your learning technique smoother. Students must give this article a read before the exams.
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