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Computer programming is the step-by-step process of designing and developing different sets of computer programmes to achieve a specific computing result. A programme is a set of instructions that takes an input and produces an output. Programming entails tasks such as analysis, algorithm generation, algorithm accuracy profiling, and resource consumption. A computer programme, also known as computer software, can contain anywhere from two to millions of lines of instructions.
A programming language is a formal language made up of strings that generate various types of machine code output. Programming languages are one type of computer language that is used to implement algorithms in computer programming. In today’s world, most technical jobs necessitate strong programming abilities. Programming languages are required for a successful tech career.
- FORTRAN (Formula Translation) was the first commercially available language, established in 1956 (first manual appeared in 1956, but first developed in 1954) by a group led by John Backus at IBM.
- Ada Lovelace, the daughter of poet Lord Byron, was dubbed “The First Computer Programmer” for developing an algorithm for a computing machine in the mid-1800s. Ada Lovelace’s world’s first computer algorithm sells at auction for $1,25,000.
In this Digital World, whether you want to develop a mobile application, obtain programming certification, or learn new tech skills, you must learn the appropriate programming language. This is the most sought-after skill in today’s market. Artificial Intelligence (AI), Deep Learning, Machine – learning, Data Science Field, Robotics, Software Development, Website Management, Blockchain Technology, Operating System Management, and other fields make use of programming languages.
If properly managed, writing a computer programme is very simple. C, C++, C#, GO, JAVA, RUBY, PYTHON, R, SWIFT, SCALA, KOTLIN, and other programming languages are available. There are approximately 700 Computer programming languages available, including esoteric coding languages. As a result, selecting the best programming language is a difficult task. As a result, today we will go over the ‘Top 5 Computer Programming Languages’ that you must learn if you want to be a good computer programmer.
Computer Programming Languages:
1. Python: An interpreted, high-level general-purpose Computer programming language is called Python. It is one of the most widely used programming languages today, and it is also simple to learn for beginners due to its simple syntax, large library of standards and toolkits, and integration with other popular Computer programming languages such as C and C++. The usage of substantial indentation to improve code readability is heavily encouraged by its design philosophy. It was developed by Guido van Rossum and initially made available on February 20, 1991. It is also one of the most popular Computer programming languages in the fields of Data Science, Statistics, Analytics, ML, and AI, with R serving as its only real rival.
- It is used in the development of websites and software, data science, data analysis and visualisation, task automation, and so on.
- Python is used in a wide range of applications, including AI, machine learning, and financial services, among others.
- Python-based web development frameworks such as Django, Pyramid, and Turbo Gear are simple to use, feature-rich, and widely used.
- It has a wide range of applications, including the creation of well-known video games, as well as the development of 2D imaging and 3D animation packages.
- It contains NumPy and SciPy, which are widely used in scientific computing, mathematics, and engineering.
- Python can assist with software development chores including build control, issue tracking, and testing. Python can be used by software developers to automate testing for new features or products.
According to the Python Stackshare page, there are approximately 6,200 companies that use Python in the real world. Python is used by Intel, Pixar, IBM, NASA, Facebook, Netflix, JP Morgan Chase, Spotify, and many other large corporations. It is one of Google’s four main languages, and YouTube is largely written in Python. NASA and Reddit also use it, and its web framework, ‘Django,’ powers the Instagram and Pinterest web apps, among other things.
2. Java: Java is one of the most popular and widely used computer programming language today. It is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language with as few implementation dependencies as possible. Java is another popular choice in large organisations and has been for many years. It is a general-purpose programming language designed to allow application developers to Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA), which means that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without recompilation.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. developed Java, with James Gosling leading a team of researchers in an effort to create a new language that would allow consumer electronic devices to communicate with one another. It was initially released in 1995. Following their acquisition of Sun Microsystems on January 27, 2010, Oracle Corporation now owns the official implementation of the Java SE platform.
- Java is mostly used to create Android apps, web apps, big data technologies, gaming apps, desktop GUI applications, and so on.
- It is also used to create fully functional applications that can run on a single computer.
- Java is used to create applications and platforms for various devices such as computers, laptops, gaming consoles, car navigation systems, Blu-ray players, lottery terminals, medical monitoring devices, parking metres, and smartphones, among others.
- It is free, simple, object-oriented, distributed, multithreaded, and supports multimedia and networks. Because Java is a mature language, it is more stable and predictable. Cross-platform development is made possible by the Java Class Library.
In the United States, Java is used by over 64,000 businesses. Airbnb, Uber, Google, Netflix, Amazon, Spotify, Facebook, and other well-known companies are examples.
Bjarne Stroustrup created C++Language as an extension to the C programming language, or “C with Classes.” C++ is a more advanced version of C. C++, as an extension of C, one of the oldest programming languages, serves as the foundation for many newer, more popular ones. The language has evolved significantly over time, and modern C++ includes object-oriented, generic, and functional features, as well as low-level memory manipulation capabilities.
- C is used to create system applications. It is commonly used in the development of desktop applications.
- The majority of Adobe’s applications are written in the ‘C’ programming language.
- It is highly portable and is used for scripting system applications that are a big part of Windows, UNIX, and Linux.
- This is a general-purpose programming language that can be used to create enterprise applications, games, graphics, and applications that require calculations, among other things.
- C++ is widely used in game development, advanced computations, and graphics compilers.
- It can be used to create operating systems, browsers, and applications, among other things.
- C++ is used extensively in well-known operating systems ranging from MacOS and Windows to mobile operating systems such as iOS.
- Many animated software applications, such as Maya 3D software and the Alias system, have been created using the C++ programming language. The powerful toolset includes 3D animation, modelling, simulation, and rendering software.
Approximately 1128 companies, including Twitch, GitHub, and Telegram Messenger, are said to use C in their tech stacks, while approximately 1275 companies, including Google, Twitch, and Lyft, are said to use C++ in their tech stacks. Microsoft, Evernote, Opera, LinkedIn, NASA, and Facebook are among the well-known tech companies and organisations that use C++. Evernote switched from.NET to C++ for faster performance and better graphics.
4. Kotlin: Kotlin is a general-purpose Computer programming language created and released by JetBrains in 2011 as Project Kotlin. In 2016, the first version was officially released. Kotlin is a general-purpose, cross-platform, statically typed programming language with type inference. Kotlin is a modern statically typed programming language that is used by more than 60% of professional Android developers to increase productivity, developer satisfaction, and code safety. It prioritises interoperability, safety, clarity, and tool support.
Kotlin is widely used in the development of Android apps, desktop applications, web applications, and server-side applications. It is intended to be fully compatible with Java, and the JVM version of Kotlin’s standard library is based on the Java Class Library, but type inference allows for more concise syntax.
- The Kotlin programming language is not only easy to learn, it is also effective in the way that it codes your application. It is an open-source statically typed programming language.
- One of the major as well as the best features of Android Kotlin is its deep interoperability with Java.
- In Kotlin, you can easily identify the NullPointerException while compiling your project.
- It is relatively safe, and you can use it without any fear.
About 1040 companies reportedly use Kotlin in their tech stacks including Udemy, Slack and Robinhood. Various startups and brands like Twitter, EverNote, American Express, Netflix, Airbnb, Slack, Adobe and many others from different industry verticals opted for Kotlin app development.
5. Swift: Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled Computer programming language developed by Apple Inc. and the open-source community. Apple developed Swift in 2014 for Linux and Mac applications. Swift was developed as a replacement for Apple’s earlier programming language Objective-C, as Objective-C had been largely unchanged since the early 1980s and lacked modern language features.
It was developed for Mac computers and specifically for Apple devices including the iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch etc. A few years ago, Swift made the top 10 in the monthly TIOBE Index ranking of popular programming languages. Swift requires fewer coding skills compared with other programming languages, and it can be used with IBM Bluemix and IBM Swift Sandbox. Apple recently made Swift as an open source project. Instantly it became one of the most popular languages in Github.
- It is an open-source Computer programming language that is easy to learn and also supports almost everything from the programming language Objective-C.
- Like many modern programming languages, Swift has a highly readable syntax, runs code quickly, and can be used for both client-side and server-side development.
- Closures unified with function pointers, Tuples and multiple return values.
- Easy to add new features, English-like syntax makes it highly readable and interoperable with Objective-C.
- As a newer Computer programming language, the code can be unstable at times, and there are fewer third-party resources available to programmers.
- On Apple platforms, it uses the Objective-C runtime library which allows C, Objective-C, C++ and Swift code to run within one program.
Nowadays, so many large corporations are also shifting to Swift. Many startups are opting for Swift over Objective C because of its ease of learning, performance metrics and less error prone nature. About 2183 companies reportedly use Swift in their tech stacks, including Uber, Slack, Robinhood and so on.
Conclusion: Computer Programming Languages
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